Objets représentant les nombres à virgule flottante

type PyFloatObject

Ce sous-type de l'objet PyObject représente un nombre à virgule flottante en Python.

PyTypeObject PyFloat_Type
Part of the Stable ABI.

Cette instance de l'objet PyTypeObject représente le type nombre à virgule flottante en Python. C'est le même objet que la classe float de la couche Python.

int PyFloat_Check(PyObject *p)

Return true if its argument is a PyFloatObject or a subtype of PyFloatObject. This function always succeeds.

int PyFloat_CheckExact(PyObject *p)

Return true if its argument is a PyFloatObject, but not a subtype of PyFloatObject. This function always succeeds.

PyObject *PyFloat_FromString(PyObject *str)
Return value: New reference. Part of the Stable ABI.

Create a PyFloatObject object based on the string value in str, or NULL on failure.

PyObject *PyFloat_FromDouble(double v)
Return value: New reference. Part of the Stable ABI.

Create a PyFloatObject object from v, or NULL on failure.

double PyFloat_AsDouble(PyObject *pyfloat)
Part of the Stable ABI.

Return a C double representation of the contents of pyfloat. If pyfloat is not a Python floating point object but has a __float__() method, this method will first be called to convert pyfloat into a float. If __float__() is not defined then it falls back to __index__(). This method returns -1.0 upon failure, so one should call PyErr_Occurred() to check for errors.

Modifié dans la version 3.8: Use __index__() if available.

double PyFloat_AS_DOUBLE(PyObject *pyfloat)

Renvoie une représentation du contenu d'un pyfloat sous la forme d'un double en C, sans vérifier les erreurs.

PyObject *PyFloat_GetInfo(void)
Return value: New reference. Part of the Stable ABI.

Renvoie une instance structseq qui contient les informations sur la précision et les valeurs minimales et maximales pour un nombre à virgule flottante. C'est une enveloppe autour du fichier d'entête float.h.

double PyFloat_GetMax()
Part of the Stable ABI.

Renvoie le nombre à virgule flottante fini maximal DBL_MAX sous la forme d'un double en C.

double PyFloat_GetMin()
Part of the Stable ABI.

Renvoie le nombre à virgule flottante minimal normalisé DBL_MIN sous la forme double en C.

Pack and Unpack functions

The pack and unpack functions provide an efficient platform-independent way to store floating-point values as byte strings. The Pack routines produce a bytes string from a C double, and the Unpack routines produce a C double from such a bytes string. The suffix (2, 4 or 8) specifies the number of bytes in the bytes string.

On platforms that appear to use IEEE 754 formats these functions work by copying bits. On other platforms, the 2-byte format is identical to the IEEE 754 binary16 half-precision format, the 4-byte format (32-bit) is identical to the IEEE 754 binary32 single precision format, and the 8-byte format to the IEEE 754 binary64 double precision format, although the packing of INFs and NaNs (if such things exist on the platform) isn't handled correctly, and attempting to unpack a bytes string containing an IEEE INF or NaN will raise an exception.

On non-IEEE platforms with more precision, or larger dynamic range, than IEEE 754 supports, not all values can be packed; on non-IEEE platforms with less precision, or smaller dynamic range, not all values can be unpacked. What happens in such cases is partly accidental (alas).

Nouveau dans la version 3.11.

Pack functions

The pack routines write 2, 4 or 8 bytes, starting at p. le is an int argument, non-zero if you want the bytes string in little-endian format (exponent last, at p+1, p+3, or p+6 p+7), zero if you want big-endian format (exponent first, at p). The PY_BIG_ENDIAN constant can be used to use the native endian: it is equal to 1 on big endian processor, or 0 on little endian processor.

Return value: 0 if all is OK, -1 if error (and an exception is set, most likely OverflowError).

There are two problems on non-IEEE platforms:

  • What this does is undefined if x is a NaN or infinity.

  • -0.0 and +0.0 produce the same bytes string.

int PyFloat_Pack2(double x, unsigned char *p, int le)

Pack a C double as the IEEE 754 binary16 half-precision format.

int PyFloat_Pack4(double x, unsigned char *p, int le)

Pack a C double as the IEEE 754 binary32 single precision format.

int PyFloat_Pack8(double x, unsigned char *p, int le)

Pack a C double as the IEEE 754 binary64 double precision format.

Unpack functions

The unpack routines read 2, 4 or 8 bytes, starting at p. le is an int argument, non-zero if the bytes string is in little-endian format (exponent last, at p+1, p+3 or p+6 and p+7), zero if big-endian (exponent first, at p). The PY_BIG_ENDIAN constant can be used to use the native endian: it is equal to 1 on big endian processor, or 0 on little endian processor.

Return value: The unpacked double. On error, this is -1.0 and PyErr_Occurred() is true (and an exception is set, most likely OverflowError).

Note that on a non-IEEE platform this will refuse to unpack a bytes string that represents a NaN or infinity.

double PyFloat_Unpack2(const unsigned char *p, int le)

Unpack the IEEE 754 binary16 half-precision format as a C double.

double PyFloat_Unpack4(const unsigned char *p, int le)

Unpack the IEEE 754 binary32 single precision format as a C double.

double PyFloat_Unpack8(const unsigned char *p, int le)

Unpack the IEEE 754 binary64 double precision format as a C double.