sunau --- 读写 Sun AU 文件

原始碼:Lib/sunau.py


sunau 模拟提供了一个处理 Sun AU 声音格式的便利接口。请注意此模块与 aifcwave 是兼容接口的。

音频文件由标头和数据组成。标头的字段为:

欄位

內容

magic word

四个字节 .snd

header size

标头的大小,包括信息,以字节为单位。

data size

数据的物理大小,以字节为单位。

编码

指示音频样本的编码方式。

sample rate

采样率

# of channels

采样中的通道数。

info

提供音频文件描述的ASCII字符串(用空字节填充)。

Apart from the info field, all header fields are 4 bytes in size. They are all 32-bit unsigned integers encoded in big-endian byte order.

The sunau module defines the following functions:

sunau.open(file, mode)

If file is a string, open the file by that name, otherwise treat it as a seekable file-like object. mode can be any of

'r'

只读模式。

'w'

只写模式。

Note that it does not allow read/write files.

A mode of 'r' returns an AU_read object, while a mode of 'w' or 'wb' returns an AU_write object.

sunau 模組定義了以下例外:

exception sunau.Error

An error raised when something is impossible because of Sun AU specs or implementation deficiency.

The sunau module defines the following data items:

sunau.AUDIO_FILE_MAGIC

An integer every valid Sun AU file begins with, stored in big-endian form. This is the string .snd interpreted as an integer.

sunau.AUDIO_FILE_ENCODING_MULAW_8
sunau.AUDIO_FILE_ENCODING_LINEAR_8
sunau.AUDIO_FILE_ENCODING_LINEAR_16
sunau.AUDIO_FILE_ENCODING_LINEAR_24
sunau.AUDIO_FILE_ENCODING_LINEAR_32
sunau.AUDIO_FILE_ENCODING_ALAW_8

Values of the encoding field from the AU header which are supported by this module.

sunau.AUDIO_FILE_ENCODING_FLOAT
sunau.AUDIO_FILE_ENCODING_DOUBLE
sunau.AUDIO_FILE_ENCODING_ADPCM_G721
sunau.AUDIO_FILE_ENCODING_ADPCM_G722
sunau.AUDIO_FILE_ENCODING_ADPCM_G723_3
sunau.AUDIO_FILE_ENCODING_ADPCM_G723_5

Additional known values of the encoding field from the AU header, but which are not supported by this module.

AU_read 物件

AU_read objects, as returned by open() above, have the following methods:

AU_read.close()

Close the stream, and make the instance unusable. (This is called automatically on deletion.)

AU_read.getnchannels()

Returns number of audio channels (1 for mono, 2 for stereo).

AU_read.getsampwidth()

返回采样字节长度。

AU_read.getframerate()

返回采样频率。

AU_read.getnframes()

返回音频总帧数。

AU_read.getcomptype()

Returns compression type. Supported compression types are 'ULAW', 'ALAW' and 'NONE'.

AU_read.getcompname()

Human-readable version of getcomptype(). The supported types have the respective names 'CCITT G.711 u-law', 'CCITT G.711 A-law' and 'not compressed'.

AU_read.getparams()

返回一个 namedtuple() (nchannels, sampwidth, framerate, nframes, comptype, compname),与 get*() 方法的输出相同。

AU_read.readframes(n)

Reads and returns at most n frames of audio, as a bytes object. The data will be returned in linear format. If the original data is in u-LAW format, it will be converted.

AU_read.rewind()

重置文件指针至音频开头.

以下两个方法都使用指针,具体实现由其底层决定。

AU_read.setpos(pos)

Set the file pointer to the specified position. Only values returned from tell() should be used for pos.

AU_read.tell()

Return current file pointer position. Note that the returned value has nothing to do with the actual position in the file.

The following two functions are defined for compatibility with the aifc, and don't do anything interesting.

AU_read.getmarkers()

返回 None

AU_read.getmark(id)

引发错误异常。

AU_write 对象

AU_write objects, as returned by open() above, have the following methods:

AU_write.setnchannels(n)

设置声道数。

AU_write.setsampwidth(n)

Set the sample width (in bytes.)

3.4 版更變: Added support for 24-bit samples.

AU_write.setframerate(n)

Set the frame rate.

AU_write.setnframes(n)

Set the number of frames. This can be later changed, when and if more frames are written.

AU_write.setcomptype(type, name)

Set the compression type and description. Only 'NONE' and 'ULAW' are supported on output.

AU_write.setparams(tuple)

The tuple should be (nchannels, sampwidth, framerate, nframes, comptype, compname), with values valid for the set*() methods. Set all parameters.

AU_write.tell()

Return current position in the file, with the same disclaimer for the AU_read.tell() and AU_read.setpos() methods.

AU_write.writeframesraw(data)

写入音频数据但不更新 nframes

3.4 版更變: 现在可接受任意 bytes-like object

AU_write.writeframes(data)

写入音频数据并更新 nframes

3.4 版更變: 现在可接受任意 bytes-like object

AU_write.close()

Make sure nframes is correct, and close the file.

This method is called upon deletion.

Note that it is invalid to set any parameters after calling writeframes() or writeframesraw().