grp — The group database


This module provides access to the Unix group database. It is available on all Unix versions.

Disponibilidade: não Emscripten, não WASI.

Group database entries are reported as a tuple-like object, whose attributes correspond to the members of the group structure (Attribute field below, see <grp.h>):

Índice

Atributo

Significado

0

gr_name

o nome do grupo

1

gr_passwd

the (encrypted) group password; often empty

2

gr_gid

O ID numérico do grupo

3

gr_mem

all the group member’s user names

The gid is an integer, name and password are strings, and the member list is a list of strings. (Note that most users are not explicitly listed as members of the group they are in according to the password database. Check both databases to get complete membership information. Also note that a gr_name that starts with a + or - is likely to be a YP/NIS reference and may not be accessible via getgrnam() or getgrgid().)

Isto define os seguintes itens

grp.getgrgid(id)

Return the group database entry for the given numeric group ID. KeyError is raised if the entry asked for cannot be found.

Alterado na versão 3.10: TypeError is raised for non-integer arguments like floats or strings.

grp.getgrnam(name)

Return the group database entry for the given group name. KeyError is raised if the entry asked for cannot be found.

grp.getgrall()

Return a list of all available group entries, in arbitrary order.

Ver também

Módulo pwd

An interface to the user database, similar to this.

Módulo spwd

Uma interface para o banco de dados de shadow passwords, similar a essa.