Protocole d'itération

Il existe deux fonctions dédiées à l'interaction avec les itérateurs.

int PyIter_Check(PyObject *o)
Part of the Stable ABI since version 3.8.

Return non-zero if the object o can be safely passed to PyIter_Next(), and 0 otherwise. This function always succeeds.

int PyAIter_Check(PyObject *o)
Part of the Stable ABI since version 3.10.

Returns non-zero if the object 'obj' provides AsyncIterator protocols, and 0 otherwise. This function always succeeds.

Nouveau dans la version 3.10.

PyObject *PyIter_Next(PyObject *o)
Return value: New reference. Part of the Stable ABI.

Return the next value from the iterator o. The object must be an iterator according to PyIter_Check() (it is up to the caller to check this). If there are no remaining values, returns NULL with no exception set. If an error occurs while retrieving the item, returns NULL and passes along the exception.

Pour écrire une boucle itérant un itérateur, le code C devrait ressembler à :

PyObject *iterator = PyObject_GetIter(obj);
PyObject *item;

if (iterator == NULL) {
    /* propagate error */
}

while ((item = PyIter_Next(iterator))) {
    /* do something with item */
    ...
    /* release reference when done */
    Py_DECREF(item);
}

Py_DECREF(iterator);

if (PyErr_Occurred()) {
    /* propagate error */
}
else {
    /* continue doing useful work */
}
type PySendResult

The enum value used to represent different results of PyIter_Send().

Nouveau dans la version 3.10.

PySendResult PyIter_Send(PyObject *iter, PyObject *arg, PyObject **presult)
Part of the Stable ABI since version 3.10.

Sends the arg value into the iterator iter. Returns:

  • PYGEN_RETURN if iterator returns. Return value is returned via presult.

  • PYGEN_NEXT if iterator yields. Yielded value is returned via presult.

  • PYGEN_ERROR if iterator has raised and exception. presult is set to NULL.

Nouveau dans la version 3.10.