Objets code

Les objets Code sont spécifiques à l'implémentation bas niveau de CPython. Chacun d'eux représente une partie de code exécutable, qui n'a pas encore été lié dans une fonction.

type PyCodeObject

La structure C utilisée pour décrire les objets Code. Les attributs de cette structure sont sujets à changer à tout moment.

PyTypeObject PyCode_Type

C'est une instance de PyTypeObject représentant le type Python code.

int PyCode_Check(PyObject *co)

Return true if co is a code object. This function always succeeds.

int PyCode_GetNumFree(PyCodeObject *co)

Renvoie le nombre de variables libres dans co.

PyCodeObject *PyCode_New(int argcount, int kwonlyargcount, int nlocals, int stacksize, int flags, PyObject *code, PyObject *consts, PyObject *names, PyObject *varnames, PyObject *freevars, PyObject *cellvars, PyObject *filename, PyObject *name, int firstlineno, PyObject *linetable, PyObject *exceptiontable)
Return value: New reference.

Return a new code object. If you need a dummy code object to create a frame, use PyCode_NewEmpty() instead. Calling PyCode_New() directly will bind you to a precise Python version since the definition of the bytecode changes often. The many arguments of this function are inter-dependent in complex ways, meaning that subtle changes to values are likely to result in incorrect execution or VM crashes. Use this function only with extreme care.

Modifié dans la version 3.11: Added exceptiontable parameter.

PyCodeObject *PyCode_NewWithPosOnlyArgs(int argcount, int posonlyargcount, int kwonlyargcount, int nlocals, int stacksize, int flags, PyObject *code, PyObject *consts, PyObject *names, PyObject *varnames, PyObject *freevars, PyObject *cellvars, PyObject *filename, PyObject *name, int firstlineno, PyObject *linetable, PyObject *exceptiontable)
Return value: New reference.

Similar to PyCode_New(), but with an extra "posonlyargcount" for positional-only arguments. The same caveats that apply to PyCode_New also apply to this function.

Nouveau dans la version 3.8.

Modifié dans la version 3.11: Added exceptiontable parameter.

PyCodeObject *PyCode_NewEmpty(const char *filename, const char *funcname, int firstlineno)
Return value: New reference.

Return a new empty code object with the specified filename, function name, and first line number. The resulting code object will raise an Exception if executed.

int PyCode_Addr2Line(PyCodeObject *co, int byte_offset)

Return the line number of the instruction that occurs on or before byte_offset and ends after it. If you just need the line number of a frame, use PyFrame_GetLineNumber() instead.

For efficiently iterating over the line numbers in a code object, use the API described in PEP 626.

int PyCode_Addr2Location(PyObject *co, int byte_offset, int *start_line, int *start_column, int *end_line, int *end_column)

Sets the passed int pointers to the source code line and column numbers for the instruction at byte_offset. Sets the value to 0 when information is not available for any particular element.

Returns 1 if the function succeeds and 0 otherwise.

PyObject *PyCode_GetCode(PyCodeObject *co)

Equivalent to the Python code getattr(co, 'co_code'). Returns a strong reference to a PyBytesObject representing the bytecode in a code object. On error, NULL is returned and an exception is raised.

This PyBytesObject may be created on-demand by the interpreter and does not necessarily represent the bytecode actually executed by CPython. The primary use case for this function is debuggers and profilers.

Nouveau dans la version 3.11.

PyObject *PyCode_GetVarnames(PyCodeObject *co)

Equivalent to the Python code getattr(co, 'co_varnames'). Returns a new reference to a PyTupleObject containing the names of the local variables. On error, NULL is returned and an exception is raised.

Nouveau dans la version 3.11.

PyObject *PyCode_GetCellvars(PyCodeObject *co)

Equivalent to the Python code getattr(co, 'co_cellvars'). Returns a new reference to a PyTupleObject containing the names of the local variables that are referenced by nested functions. On error, NULL is returned and an exception is raised.

Nouveau dans la version 3.11.

PyObject *PyCode_GetFreevars(PyCodeObject *co)

Equivalent to the Python code getattr(co, 'co_freevars'). Returns a new reference to a PyTupleObject containing the names of the free variables. On error, NULL is returned and an exception is raised.

Nouveau dans la version 3.11.