Frame Objects

type PyFrameObject
Part of the Limited API (as an opaque struct).

The C structure of the objects used to describe frame objects.

There are no public members in this structure.

Changed in version 3.11: The members of this structure were removed from the public C API. Refer to the What’s New entry for details.

The PyEval_GetFrame() and PyThreadState_GetFrame() functions can be used to get a frame object.

See also Reflection.

PyTypeObject PyFrame_Type

The type of frame objects. It is the same object as types.FrameType in the Python layer.

Changed in version 3.11: Previously, this type was only available after including <frameobject.h>.

int PyFrame_Check(PyObject *obj)

Return non-zero if obj is a frame object.

Changed in version 3.11: Previously, this function was only available after including <frameobject.h>.

PyFrameObject *PyFrame_GetBack(PyFrameObject *frame)

Get the frame next outer frame.

Return a strong reference, or NULL if frame has no outer frame.

Added in version 3.9.

PyObject *PyFrame_GetBuiltins(PyFrameObject *frame)

Get the frame’s f_builtins attribute.

Return a strong reference. The result cannot be NULL.

Added in version 3.11.

PyCodeObject *PyFrame_GetCode(PyFrameObject *frame)
Part of the Stable ABI since version 3.10.

Get the frame code.

Return a strong reference.

The result (frame code) cannot be NULL.

Added in version 3.9.

PyObject *PyFrame_GetGenerator(PyFrameObject *frame)

Get the generator, coroutine, or async generator that owns this frame, or NULL if this frame is not owned by a generator. Does not raise an exception, even if the return value is NULL.

Return a strong reference, or NULL.

Added in version 3.11.

PyObject *PyFrame_GetGlobals(PyFrameObject *frame)

Get the frame’s f_globals attribute.

Return a strong reference. The result cannot be NULL.

Added in version 3.11.

int PyFrame_GetLasti(PyFrameObject *frame)

Get the frame’s f_lasti attribute.

Returns -1 if frame.f_lasti is None.

Added in version 3.11.

PyObject *PyFrame_GetVar(PyFrameObject *frame, PyObject *name)

Get the variable name of frame.

  • Return a strong reference to the variable value on success.

  • Raise NameError and return NULL if the variable does not exist.

  • Raise an exception and return NULL on error.

name type must be a str.

Added in version 3.12.

PyObject *PyFrame_GetVarString(PyFrameObject *frame, const char *name)

Similar to PyFrame_GetVar(), but the variable name is a C string encoded in UTF-8.

Added in version 3.12.

PyObject *PyFrame_GetLocals(PyFrameObject *frame)

Get the frame’s f_locals attribute. If the frame refers to an optimized scope, this returns a write-through proxy object that allows modifying the locals. In all other cases (classes, modules, exec(), eval()) it returns the mapping representing the frame locals directly (as described for locals()).

Return a strong reference.

Added in version 3.11.

Changed in version 3.13: As part of PEP 667, return a proxy object for optimized scopes.

int PyFrame_GetLineNumber(PyFrameObject *frame)
Part of the Stable ABI since version 3.10.

Return the line number that frame is currently executing.

Internal Frames

Unless using PEP 523, you will not need this.

struct _PyInterpreterFrame

The interpreter’s internal frame representation.

Added in version 3.11.

PyObject *PyUnstable_InterpreterFrame_GetCode(struct _PyInterpreterFrame *frame);
This is Unstable API. It may change without warning in minor releases.

Return a strong reference to the code object for the frame.

Added in version 3.12.

int PyUnstable_InterpreterFrame_GetLasti(struct _PyInterpreterFrame *frame);
This is Unstable API. It may change without warning in minor releases.

Return the byte offset into the last executed instruction.

Added in version 3.12.

int PyUnstable_InterpreterFrame_GetLine(struct _PyInterpreterFrame *frame);
This is Unstable API. It may change without warning in minor releases.

Return the currently executing line number, or -1 if there is no line number.

Added in version 3.12.