The following methods can be defined to further emulate sequence objects. Immutable sequences methods should only define __getslice__(); mutable sequences, should define all three three methods.
Called to implement evaluation of
The returned object should be of the same type as self. Note
that missing i or j in the slice expression are replaced
by zero or
sys.maxint, respectively. If negative indexes are
used in the slice, the length of the sequence is added to that index.
If the instance does not implement the __len__() method, an
AttributeError is raised.
No guarantee is made that indexes adjusted this way are not still
negative. Indexes which are greater than the length of the sequence
are not modified.
If no __getslice__() is found, a slice
object is created instead, and passed to __getitem__() instead.
self[i:j]. Same notes for i and j as for __getslice__().
This method is deprecated. If no __setslice__() is found, a slice object is created instead, and passed to __setitem__() instead.
self[i:j]. Same notes for i and j as for __getslice__(). This method is deprecated. If no __delslice__() is found, a slice object is created instead, and passed to __delitem__() instead.
Notice that these methods are only invoked when a single slice with a single colon is used, and the slice method is available. For slice operations involving extended slice notation, or in absence of the slice methods, __getitem__(), __setitem__() or __delitem__() is called with a slice object as argument.
The following example demonstrate how to make your program or module compatible with earlier versions of Python (assuming that methods __getitem__(), __setitem__() and __delitem__() support slice objects as arguments):
class MyClass: ... def __getitem__(self, index): ... def __setitem__(self, index, value): ... def __delitem__(self, index): ... if sys.version_info < (2, 0): # They won't be defined if version is at least 2.0 final def __getslice__(self, i, j): return self[max(0, i):max(0, j):] def __setslice__(self, i, j, seq): self[max(0, i):max(0, j):] = seq def __delslice__(self, i, j): del self[max(0, i):max(0, j):] ...
Note the calls to max(); these are actually necessary due
to the handling of negative indices before the
__*slice__() methods are called. When negative indexes are
used, the __*item__() methods receive them as provided, but
the __*slice__() methods get a ``cooked'' form of the index
values. For each negative index value, the length of the sequence is
added to the index before calling the method (which may still result
in a negative index); this is the customary handling of negative
indexes by the built-in sequence types, and the __*item__()
methods are expected to do this as well. However, since they should
already be doing that, negative indexes cannot be passed in; they must
be be constrained to the bounds of the sequence before being passed to
the __*item__() methods.
max(0, i) conveniently returns the proper value.
The membership test operators (in and not in) are normally implemented as iteration loop through the sequence. However, sequence objects can supply the following special method with a more efficient implementation: