The RPM format is used by many popular Linux distributions, including Red Hat, SuSE, and Mandrake. If one of these (or any of the other RPM-based Linux distributions) is your usual environment, creating RPM packages for other users of that same distribution is trivial. Depending on the complexity of your module distribution and differences between Linux distributions, you may also be able to create RPMs that work on different RPM-based distributions.
The usual way to create an RPM of your module distribution is to run the
python setup.py bdist_rpm
bdist command with the --format option:
python setup.py bdist --formats=rpm
The former allows you to specify RPM-specific options; the latter allows
you to easily specify multiple formats in one run. If you need to do
both, you can explicitly specify multiple
and their options:
python setup.py bdist_rpm --packager="John Doe <firstname.lastname@example.org>" \ bdist_wininst --target_version="2.0"
Creating RPM packages is driven by a .spec file, much as using
the Distutils is driven by the setup script. To make your life easier,
bdist_rpm command normally creates a .spec file
based on the information you supply in the setup script, on the command
line, and in any Distutils configuration files. Various options and
sections in the .spec file are derived from options in the setup
script as follows:
|RPM .spec file option or section||Distutils setup script option|
|Summary (in preamble)||description|
|Vendor||author and author_email, or
& maintainer and maintainer_email
Additionally, there many options in .spec files that don't have
corresponding options in the setup script. Most of these are handled
through options to the
bdist_rpm command as follows:
|RPM .spec file option or section||
Obviously, supplying even a few of these options on the command-line would be tedious and error-prone, so it's usually best to put them in the setup configuration file, setup.cfg--see section 3. If you distribute or package many Python module distributions, you might want to put options that apply to all of them in your personal Distutils configuration file (~/.pydistutils.cfg).
There are three steps to building a binary RPM package, all of which are handled automatically by the Distutils:
Normally, RPM bundles the last two steps together; when you use the Distutils, all three steps are typically bundled together.
If you wish, you can separate these three steps. You can use the
--spec-only option to make
create the .spec file and exit; in this case, the .spec
file will be written to the ``distribution directory''--normally
dist/, but customizable with the --dist-dir
option. (Normally, the .spec file winds up deep in the ``build
tree,'' in a temporary directory created by
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