This module defines the class FTP and a few related items. The
FTP class implements the client side of the FTP protocol. You
can use this to write Python programs that perform a variety of
automated FTP jobs, such as mirroring other ftp servers. It is also
used by the module urllib to handle URLs that use FTP. For
more information on FTP (File Transfer Protocol), see Internet RFC 959.
Here's a sample session using the ftplib module:
The module defines the following items:
>>> from ftplib import FTP
>>> ftp = FTP('ftp.cwi.nl') # connect to host, default port
>>> ftp.login() # user anonymous, passwd user@hostname
>>> ftp.retrlines('LIST') # list directory contents
drwxrwsr-x 5 ftp-usr pdmaint 1536 Mar 20 09:48 .
dr-xr-srwt 105 ftp-usr pdmaint 1536 Mar 21 14:32 ..
-rw-r--r-- 1 ftp-usr pdmaint 5305 Mar 20 09:48 INDEX
- FTP ([host[, user, passwd, acct]])
Return a new instance of the FTP class. When
host is given, the method call connect(host) is
made. When user is given, additionally the method call
login(user, passwd, acct) is made (where
passwd and acct default to the empty string when not given).
The set of all exceptions (as a tuple) that methods of FTP
instances may raise as a result of problems with the FTP connection
(as opposed to programming errors made by the caller). This set
includes the four exceptions listed below as well as
socket.error and IOError.
Exception raised when an unexpected reply is received from the server.
Exception raised when an error code in the range 400-499 is received.
Exception raised when an error code in the range 500-599 is received.
Exception raised when a reply is received from the server that does
not begin with a digit in the range 1-5.