Now that you are all excited about Python, you'll want to examine it in some more detail. Since the best way to learn a language is using it, you are invited here to do so.
In the next chapter, the mechanics of using the interpreter are explained. This is rather mundane information, but essential for trying out the examples shown later.
The rest of the tutorial introduces various features of the Python language and system though examples, beginning with simple expressions, statements and data types, through functions and modules, and finally touching upon advanced concepts like exceptions and user-defined classes.
When you're through with the tutorial (or just getting bored), you should read the Library Reference, which gives complete (though terse) reference material about built-in and standard types, functions and modules that can save you a lot of time when writing Python programs.