21.4. sunau — Read and write Sun AU files
The sunau module provides a convenient interface to the Sun AU sound
format. Note that this module is interface-compatible with the modules
aifc and wave.
An audio file consists of a header followed by the data. The fields of the
||The four bytes .snd.
||Size of the header, including info, in bytes.
||Physical size of the data, in bytes.
||Indicates how the audio samples are encoded.
||The sampling rate.
|# of channels
||The number of channels in the samples.
||ASCII string giving a description of the
audio file (padded with null bytes).
Apart from the info field, all header fields are 4 bytes in size. They are all
32-bit unsigned integers encoded in big-endian byte order.
The sunau module defines the following functions:
If file is a string, open the file by that name, otherwise treat it as a
seekable file-like object. mode can be any of
- Read only mode.
- Write only mode.
Note that it does not allow read/write files.
A mode of 'r' returns a AU_read object, while a mode of 'w'
or 'wb' returns a AU_write object.
- A synonym for open(), maintained for backwards compatibility.
The sunau module defines the following exception:
- An error raised when something is impossible because of Sun AU specs or
The sunau module defines the following data items:
- An integer every valid Sun AU file begins with, stored in big-endian form. This
is the string .snd interpreted as an integer.
- Values of the encoding field from the AU header which are supported by this
- Additional known values of the encoding field from the AU header, but which are
not supported by this module.
21.4.1. AU_read Objects
AU_read objects, as returned by open() above, have the following methods:
- Close the stream, and make the instance unusable. (This is called automatically
- Returns number of audio channels (1 for mone, 2 for stereo).
- Returns sample width in bytes.
- Returns sampling frequency.
- Returns number of audio frames.
- Returns compression type. Supported compression types are 'ULAW', 'ALAW'
- Human-readable version of getcomptype(). The supported types have the
respective names 'CCITT G.711 u-law', 'CCITT G.711 A-law' and 'not
- Returns a tuple (nchannels, sampwidth, framerate, nframes, comptype,
compname), equivalent to output of the get*() methods.
- Reads and returns at most n frames of audio, as a string of bytes. The data
will be returned in linear format. If the original data is in u-LAW format, it
will be converted.
- Rewind the file pointer to the beginning of the audio stream.
The following two methods define a term “position” which is compatible between
them, and is otherwise implementation dependent.
- Set the file pointer to the specified position. Only values returned from
tell() should be used for pos.
- Return current file pointer position. Note that the returned value has nothing
to do with the actual position in the file.
The following two functions are defined for compatibility with the aifc,
and don’t do anything interesting.
- Returns None.
- Raise an error.
21.4.2. AU_write Objects
AU_write objects, as returned by open() above, have the following methods:
- Set the number of channels.
- Set the sample width (in bytes.)
- Set the frame rate.
- Set the number of frames. This can be later changed, when and if more frames
- Set the compression type and description. Only 'NONE' and 'ULAW' are
supported on output.
- The tuple should be (nchannels, sampwidth, framerate, nframes, comptype,
compname), with values valid for the set*() methods. Set all
- Return current position in the file, with the same disclaimer for the
AU_read.tell() and AU_read.setpos() methods.
- Write audio frames, without correcting nframes.
- Write audio frames and make sure nframes is correct.
Make sure nframes is correct, and close the file.
This method is called upon deletion.
Note that it is invalid to set any parameters after calling writeframes()